model.go 18.4 KB
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package backend

import (
	"context"
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	"fmt"
	"math/rand"
	"strconv"
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	"strings"

	ldaputil "git.autistici.org/ai3/go-common/ldap"
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	"github.com/tstranex/u2f"
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	"gopkg.in/ldap.v2"

	"git.autistici.org/ai3/accountserver"
)

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const (
	// Names of some well-known LDAP attributes.
	totpSecretLDAPAttr        = "totpSecret"
	preferredLanguageLDAPAttr = "preferredLanguage"
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	recoveryHintLDAPAttr      = "recoverQuestion"
	recoveryResponseLDAPAttr  = "recoverAnswer"
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	aspLDAPAttr               = "appSpecificPassword"
	storagePublicKeyLDAPAttr  = "storagePublicKey"
	storagePrivateKeyLDAPAttr = "storageEncryptedSecretKey"
	passwordLDAPAttr          = "userPassword"
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	u2fRegistrationsLDAPAttr  = "u2fRegistration"
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	uidNumberLDAPAttr         = "uidNumber"
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)

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// backend is the interface to an LDAP-backed user database.
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//
// We keep a set of LDAP queries for each resource type, each having a
// "resource" query to return a specific resource belonging to a user,
// and a "presence" query that checks for existence of a resource for
// all users.
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type backend struct {
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	conn                ldapConn
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	baseDN              string
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	userQuery           *queryTemplate
	userResourceQueries []*queryTemplate
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	resources           *resourceRegistry
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	// Range for new user IDs.
	minUID, maxUID int
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}

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const (
	defaultMinUID = 10000
	defaultMaxUID = 1000000
)

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// backendTX holds the business logic (that runs within a single
// transaction).
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type backendTX struct {
	*ldapTX
	backend *backend
}

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const ldapPoolSize = 20

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func (b *backend) NewTransaction() (accountserver.TX, error) {
	return &backendTX{
		ldapTX:  newLDAPTX(b.conn),
		backend: b,
	}, nil
}

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// NewLDAPBackend initializes an LDAPBackend object with the given LDAP
// connection pool.
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func NewLDAPBackend(uri, bindDN, bindPw, base string) (accountserver.Backend, error) {
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	pool, err := ldaputil.NewConnectionPool(uri, bindDN, bindPw, ldapPoolSize)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
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	return newLDAPBackendWithConn(pool, base)
}
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func newLDAPBackendWithConn(conn ldapConn, base string) (*backend, error) {
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	rsrc := newResourceRegistry()
	rsrc.register(accountserver.ResourceTypeEmail, &emailResourceHandler{baseDN: base})
	rsrc.register(accountserver.ResourceTypeMailingList, &mailingListResourceHandler{baseDN: base})
	rsrc.register(accountserver.ResourceTypeDAV, &webdavResourceHandler{baseDN: base})
	rsrc.register(accountserver.ResourceTypeWebsite, &websiteResourceHandler{baseDN: base})
	rsrc.register(accountserver.ResourceTypeDomain, &domainResourceHandler{baseDN: base})
	rsrc.register(accountserver.ResourceTypeDatabase, &databaseResourceHandler{baseDN: base})

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	return &backend{
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		conn:   conn,
		baseDN: base,
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		userQuery: &queryTemplate{
			Base:   joinDN("uid=${user}", "ou=People", base),
			Filter: "(objectClass=*)",
			Scope:  ldap.ScopeBaseObject,
		},
		userResourceQueries: []*queryTemplate{
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			// Find all resources that are children of the main uid object.
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			&queryTemplate{
				Base:  joinDN("uid=${user}", "ou=People", base),
				Scope: ldap.ScopeWholeSubtree,
			},
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			// Find mailing lists, which are nested under a different root.
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			&queryTemplate{
				Base:   joinDN("ou=Lists", base),
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				Filter: "(&(objectClass=mailingList)(listOwner=${user}))",
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				Scope:  ldap.ScopeSingleLevel,
			},
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		},
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		resources: rsrc,
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		minUID:    defaultMinUID,
		maxUID:    defaultMaxUID,
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	}, nil
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}

func newUser(entry *ldap.Entry) (*accountserver.User, error) {
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	// Note that some user-level attributes related to
	// authentication are stored on the uid= object, while others
	// are on the email= object. We set the latter in the GetUser
	// function later.
	//
	// The case of password recovery attributes is more complex:
	// the current schema has those on email=, but we'd like to
	// move them to uid=, so we currently have to support both.
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	uidNumber, _ := strconv.Atoi(entry.GetAttributeValue(uidNumberLDAPAttr))
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	user := &accountserver.User{
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		Name:                 entry.GetAttributeValue("uid"),
		Lang:                 entry.GetAttributeValue(preferredLanguageLDAPAttr),
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		UID:                  uidNumber,
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		PasswordRecoveryHint: entry.GetAttributeValue(recoveryHintLDAPAttr),
		U2FRegistrations:     decodeU2FRegistrations(entry.GetAttributeValues(u2fRegistrationsLDAPAttr)),
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	}
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	// The user has 2FA enabled if it has a TOTP secret or U2F keys.
	if (entry.GetAttributeValue(totpSecretLDAPAttr) != "") || (len(user.U2FRegistrations) > 0) {
		user.Has2FA = true
	}

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	if user.Lang == "" {
		user.Lang = "en"
	}
	return user, nil
}

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func userToLDAP(user *accountserver.User) (attrs []ldap.PartialAttribute) {
	// Most attributes are read-only and have specialized methods to set them.
	attrs = append(attrs, []ldap.PartialAttribute{
		{Type: "objectClass", Vals: []string{"top", "person", "posixAccount", "shadowAccount", "organizationalPerson", "inetOrgPerson", "totpAccount"}},
		{Type: "uid", Vals: s2l(user.Name)},
		{Type: "cn", Vals: s2l(user.Name)},
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		{Type: uidNumberLDAPAttr, Vals: s2l(strconv.Itoa(user.UID))},
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		{Type: "givenName", Vals: []string{"Private"}},
		{Type: "sn", Vals: []string{"Private"}},
		{Type: "gecos", Vals: s2l(user.Name)},
		{Type: "loginShell", Vals: []string{"/bin/false"}},
		{Type: "homeDirectory", Vals: []string{"/var/empty"}},
		{Type: "shadowLastChange", Vals: []string{"12345"}},
		{Type: "shadowWarning", Vals: []string{"7"}},
		{Type: "shadowMax", Vals: []string{"99999"}},
		{Type: preferredLanguageLDAPAttr, Vals: s2l(user.Lang)},
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		{Type: u2fRegistrationsLDAPAttr, Vals: encodeU2FRegistrations(user.U2FRegistrations)},
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	}...)
	return
}

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func decodeU2FRegistration(enc string) (*u2f.Registration, error) {
	var reg u2f.Registration
	if err := reg.UnmarshalBinary([]byte(enc)); err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}
	return &reg, nil
}

func encodeU2FRegistration(r *u2f.Registration) string {
	b, _ := r.MarshalBinary()
	return string(b)
}

func decodeU2FRegistrations(encRegs []string) []*u2f.Registration {
	var out []*u2f.Registration
	for _, enc := range encRegs {
		if r, err := decodeU2FRegistration(enc); err == nil {
			out = append(out, r)
		}
	}
	return out
}

func encodeU2FRegistrations(regs []*u2f.Registration) []string {
	var out []string
	for _, r := range regs {
		out = append(out, encodeU2FRegistration(r))
	}
	return out
}

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func (tx *backendTX) getUserDN(user *accountserver.User) string {
	return joinDN("uid="+user.Name, "ou=People", tx.backend.baseDN)
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}

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// CreateUser creates a new user.
func (tx *backendTX) CreateUser(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User) error {
	dn := tx.getUserDN(user)

	tx.create(dn)
	for _, attr := range userToLDAP(user) {
		tx.setAttr(dn, attr.Type, attr.Vals...)
	}

	// Create all resources.
	for _, r := range user.Resources {
		if err := tx.CreateResource(ctx, r); err != nil {
			return err
		}
	}

	return nil
}

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// UpdateUser updates values for the user only (not the resources).
func (tx *backendTX) UpdateUser(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User) error {
	dn := tx.getUserDN(user)
	for _, attr := range userToLDAP(user) {
		tx.setAttr(dn, attr.Type, attr.Vals...)
	}
	return nil
}

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// GetUser returns a user.
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func (tx *backendTX) GetUser(ctx context.Context, username string) (*accountserver.User, error) {
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	// First of all, find the main user object, and just that one.
	vars := map[string]string{"user": username}
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	result, err := tx.search(ctx, tx.backend.userQuery.query(vars))
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	if err != nil {
		if ldap.IsErrorWithCode(err, ldap.LDAPResultNoSuchObject) {
			return nil, nil
		}
		return nil, err
	}
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	if len(result.Entries) == 0 {
		return nil, nil
	}
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	user, err := newUser(result.Entries[0])
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	// Now run the resource queries, and accumulate results on the User
	// object we just created.
	// TODO: parallelize.
	// TODO: add support for non-LDAP resource queries.
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	for _, tpl := range tx.backend.userResourceQueries {
		result, err = tx.search(ctx, tpl.query(vars))
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		if err != nil {
			continue
		}

		for _, entry := range result.Entries {
			// Some user-level attributes are actually stored on the email
			// object, a shortcoming of the legacy A/I database model. Set
			// them on the main User object.
			if isObjectClass(entry, "virtualMailUser") {
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				if s := entry.GetAttributeValue(recoveryHintLDAPAttr); s != "" {
					user.PasswordRecoveryHint = s
				}
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				user.AppSpecificPasswords = getASPInfo(decodeAppSpecificPasswords(entry.GetAttributeValues(aspLDAPAttr)))
				user.HasEncryptionKeys = (entry.GetAttributeValue(storagePublicKeyLDAPAttr) != "")
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			}
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			// Parse the resource and add it to the User.
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			if r, err := tx.backend.resources.FromLDAP(entry); err == nil {
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				user.Resources = append(user.Resources, r)
			}
		}
	}

	groupWebResourcesByHomedir(user.Resources)

	return user, nil
}

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func (tx *backendTX) SetUserPassword(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User, encryptedPassword string) error {
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	dn := tx.getUserDN(user)
	tx.setAttr(dn, passwordLDAPAttr, encryptedPassword)
	for _, r := range user.GetResourcesByType(accountserver.ResourceTypeEmail) {
		dn, _ = tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
		tx.setAttr(dn, passwordLDAPAttr, encryptedPassword)
	}
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	return nil
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) GetUserEncryptedPassword(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User) string {
	values := tx.readAttributeValues(ctx, tx.getUserDN(user), passwordLDAPAttr)
	if len(values) > 0 {
		// Remove legacy LDAP encryption prefix.
		return strings.TrimPrefix(values[0], "{crypt}")
	}
	return ""
}

func (tx *backendTX) GetUserRecoveryEncryptedPassword(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User) string {
	values := tx.readAttributeValues(ctx, tx.getUserDN(user), recoveryResponseLDAPAttr)
	if len(values) > 0 {
		// Remove legacy LDAP encryption prefix.
		return strings.TrimPrefix(values[0], "{crypt}")
	}
	return ""
}

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func (tx *backendTX) SetPasswordRecoveryHint(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User, hint, response string) error {
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	// Write the password recovery attributes on the uid= object,
	// as per the new schema.
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	dn := tx.getUserDN(user)
	tx.setAttr(dn, recoveryHintLDAPAttr, hint)
	tx.setAttr(dn, recoveryResponseLDAPAttr, response)
	return nil
}

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func (tx *backendTX) GetUserEncryptionKeys(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User) ([]*accountserver.UserEncryptionKey, error) {
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	r := user.GetSingleResourceByType(accountserver.ResourceTypeEmail)
	dn, _ := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
	rawKeys := tx.readAttributeValues(ctx, dn, storagePrivateKeyLDAPAttr)
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	return decodeUserEncryptionKeys(rawKeys), nil
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) SetUserEncryptionKeys(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User, keys []*accountserver.UserEncryptionKey) error {
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	encKeys := encodeUserEncryptionKeys(keys)
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	for _, r := range user.GetResourcesByType(accountserver.ResourceTypeEmail) {
		dn, _ := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
		tx.setAttr(dn, storagePrivateKeyLDAPAttr, encKeys...)
	}
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	return nil
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) SetUserEncryptionPublicKey(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User, pub []byte) error {
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	for _, r := range user.GetResourcesByType(accountserver.ResourceTypeEmail) {
		dn, _ := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
		tx.setAttr(dn, storagePublicKeyLDAPAttr, string(pub))
	}
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	return nil
}

func excludeASPFromList(asps []*appSpecificPassword, id string) []*appSpecificPassword {
	var out []*appSpecificPassword
	for _, asp := range asps {
		if asp.ID != id {
			out = append(out, asp)
		}
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	}
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	return out
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) setASPOnResource(ctx context.Context, r *accountserver.Resource, info *accountserver.AppSpecificPasswordInfo, encryptedPassword string) {
	dn, _ := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
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	// Obtain the full list of ASPs from the backend and replace/append the new one.
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	asps := decodeAppSpecificPasswords(tx.readAttributeValues(ctx, dn, aspLDAPAttr))
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	asps = append(excludeASPFromList(asps, info.ID), newAppSpecificPassword(*info, encryptedPassword))
	outASPs := encodeAppSpecificPasswords(asps)
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	tx.setAttr(dn, aspLDAPAttr, outASPs...)
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) SetApplicationSpecificPassword(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User, info *accountserver.AppSpecificPasswordInfo, encryptedPassword string) error {
	for _, r := range user.GetResourcesByType(accountserver.ResourceTypeEmail) {
		tx.setASPOnResource(ctx, r, info, encryptedPassword)
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	}
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	return nil
}
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func (tx *backendTX) deleteASPOnResource(ctx context.Context, r *accountserver.Resource, id string) {
	dn, _ := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
	asps := decodeAppSpecificPasswords(tx.readAttributeValues(ctx, dn, aspLDAPAttr))
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	asps = excludeASPFromList(asps, id)
	outASPs := encodeAppSpecificPasswords(asps)
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	tx.setAttr(dn, aspLDAPAttr, outASPs...)
}
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func (tx *backendTX) DeleteApplicationSpecificPassword(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User, id string) error {
	for _, r := range user.GetResourcesByType(accountserver.ResourceTypeEmail) {
		tx.deleteASPOnResource(ctx, r, id)
	}
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	return nil
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) SetUserTOTPSecret(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User, secret string) error {
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	tx.setAttr(tx.getUserDN(user), totpSecretLDAPAttr, secret)
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	return nil
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) DeleteUserTOTPSecret(ctx context.Context, user *accountserver.User) error {
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	tx.setAttr(tx.getUserDN(user), totpSecretLDAPAttr)
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	return nil
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) SetResourcePassword(ctx context.Context, r *accountserver.Resource, encryptedPassword string) error {
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	dn, _ := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
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	tx.setAttr(dn, passwordLDAPAttr, encryptedPassword)
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	return nil
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}

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func (tx *backendTX) hasResource(ctx context.Context, resourceType, resourceName string) (bool, error) {
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	tpl, err := tx.backend.resources.SearchQuery(resourceType)
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	if err != nil {
		return false, err
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	}

	// Make a quick LDAP search that only fetches the DN attribute.
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	tpl.Attrs = []string{"dn"}
	result, err := tx.search(ctx, tpl.query(map[string]string{
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		"resource": resourceName,
		"type":     resourceType,
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	}))
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	if err != nil {
		if ldap.IsErrorWithCode(err, ldap.LDAPResultNoSuchObject) {
			return false, nil
		}
		return false, err
	}
	if len(result.Entries) == 0 {
		return false, nil
	}
	return true, nil
}

// HasAnyResource returns true if any of the specified resources exists.
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func (tx *backendTX) HasAnyResource(ctx context.Context, resourceIDs []accountserver.FindResourceRequest) (bool, error) {
	for _, req := range resourceIDs {
		has, err := tx.hasResource(ctx, req.Type, req.Name)
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		if err != nil || has {
			return has, err
		}
	}
	return false, nil
}

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// GetResource returns a ResourceWrapper, as part of a read-modify-update transaction.
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func (tx *backendTX) GetResource(ctx context.Context, rsrcID accountserver.ResourceID) (*accountserver.Resource, error) {
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	// From the resource ID we can obtain the DN, and fetch it
	// straight from LDAP without even doing a real search.
	dn, err := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(rsrcID)
	if err != nil {
		return nil, err
	}

	// This is just a 'point' search.
	req := ldap.NewSearchRequest(
		dn,
		ldap.ScopeBaseObject,
		ldap.NeverDerefAliases,
		0,
		0,
		false,
		"(objectClass=*)",
		nil,
		nil,
	)

	result, err := tx.search(ctx, req)
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	if err != nil {
		if ldap.IsErrorWithCode(err, ldap.LDAPResultNoSuchObject) {
			return nil, nil
		}
		return nil, err
	}

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	// We know the resource type so we don't have to guess.
	return tx.backend.resources.FromLDAPWithType(rsrcID.Type(), result.Entries[0])
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}

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// CreateResource creates a new LDAP-backed resource object.
func (tx *backendTX) CreateResource(ctx context.Context, r *accountserver.Resource) error {
	dn, err := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}

	tx.create(dn)
	for _, attr := range tx.backend.resources.ToLDAP(r) {
		tx.setAttr(dn, attr.Type, attr.Vals...)
	}

	return nil
}

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// UpdateResource updates a LDAP-backed resource that was obtained by a previous GetResource call.
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func (tx *backendTX) UpdateResource(ctx context.Context, r *accountserver.Resource) error {
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	dn, err := tx.backend.resources.GetDN(r.ID)
	if err != nil {
		return err
	}
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	// We can simply dump all attribute/value pairs and let the
	// code in ldapTX do the work of finding the differences.
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	for _, attr := range tx.backend.resources.ToLDAP(r) {
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		tx.setAttr(dn, attr.Type, attr.Vals...)
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	}

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	return nil
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}

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// NextUID returns an available user ID (uidNumber). It does so
// without keeping state by just guessing random UIDs in the
// minUID-maxUID range, and checking if they are available (so it's
// best to keep the range largely underutilized).
func (tx *backendTX) NextUID(ctx context.Context) (uid int, err error) {
	// Won't actually run forever, at some point the context will expire.
	var ok bool
	for !ok && err == nil {
		uid = tx.backend.minUID + rand.Intn(tx.backend.maxUID-tx.backend.minUID)
		ok, err = tx.isUIDAvailable(ctx, uid)
	}
	return
}

func (tx *backendTX) isUIDAvailable(ctx context.Context, uid int) (bool, error) {
	// Try to make this query lightweight: ask for no attributes,
	// use a size limit of 1 and treat "Size Limit Exceeded"
	// errors as a successful result.
	result, err := tx.search(ctx, ldap.NewSearchRequest(
		tx.backend.baseDN,
		ldap.ScopeWholeSubtree,
		ldap.NeverDerefAliases,
		1, // just one result is enough
		0,
		false,
		fmt.Sprintf("(uidNumber=%d)", uid),
		[]string{"dn"},
		nil,
	))
	if err != nil {
		if ldap.IsErrorWithCode(err, ldap.LDAPResultSizeLimitExceeded) {
			return false, nil
		}
		return false, err
	}
	if len(result.Entries) > 0 {
		return false, nil
	}
	return true, nil
}

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var siteRoot = "/home/users/investici.org/"

// The hosting directory for a website is the path component immediately after
// siteRoot. This works also for sites with nested documentRoots.
func getHostingDir(path string) string {
	path = strings.TrimPrefix(path, siteRoot)
	if i := strings.Index(path, "/"); i > 0 {
		return path[:i]
	}
	return path
}

// This is a very specific function meant to address a peculiar characteristic
// of the A/I legacy data model, where DAV accounts and websites do not have an
// explicit relation.
func groupWebResourcesByHomedir(resources []*accountserver.Resource) {
	// Set the group name to be the 'hostingDir' for sites and DAV
	// accounts. Keep a reference of websites by ID so we can later fix the
	// group for databases too, via their ParentID.
	webs := make(map[string]*accountserver.Resource)
	for _, r := range resources {
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		switch r.ID.Type() {
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		case accountserver.ResourceTypeWebsite, accountserver.ResourceTypeDomain:
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			r.Group = getHostingDir(r.Website.DocumentRoot)
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			webs[r.ID.String()] = r
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		case accountserver.ResourceTypeDAV:
			r.Group = getHostingDir(r.DAV.Homedir)
		}
	}
	// Fix databases in a second pass.
	for _, r := range resources {
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		if r.ID.Type() == accountserver.ResourceTypeDatabase && !r.ParentID.Empty() {
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			r.Group = webs[r.ParentID.String()].Group
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		}
	}
}